What is a Regimental Standard or Guidon?

The Standard is the colours-equivalent for the Heavy Cavalry (ie: Horse Guards and Dragoon Guards). At 27in 30in, on an 8 ft 6 in long pole, it is much smaller than infantry colours, so that it can be carried by a soldier on horseback.

The Guidon is the equivalent for the Light Cavalry (ie: Dragoons, Light Dragoons, Hussars and Lancers). It is swallow-tailed, 27in 41in, with an 8 ft 6 in long pole.

The word 'Guidon' is a corruption of the French 'Guide Homme' - 'The Guide Man'. Originally each troop had its own, but this was quickly reduced to a single, regimental one. With the increased dispersion of troops required in the light cavalry role, their operational function had ceased by the 1830s and they were discontinued. The regiment's kettledrums, with the Battle Honours woven onto the Drum Banners (with the exception of 3rd The King's Own Hussars and its successors, where they are uncovered, with the Battle Honours engraved onto the kettledrums themselves) became the focal point of the regiment's loyalty. In 1952 King George VI reintroduced the Guidons of the Light Cavalry for ceremonial purposes.

Both the Standard and the Guidon are usually of crimson trimmed in gold and with the regiment's insignia in the centre. The regiment's battle honours are emblazoned on both the obverse and reverse, up to a maximum of 22 on each side.

 

In May 2016 the Royal Yeomanry Regiment was presented with their first Guidon at Buckingham Palace.

The battle honours contained on the new Guidon are those of the combined Squadrons that made up the Regiment in 2016.



WW2, including the badge of the Royal Artillery for those Yeomanry Regiments that served as such.

The Great War, "FREZENBERG" (top right).



The LDYPAO Guidon on Horse Guards, 2008.


The LDYPAO Guidon (in Squadron order in the RY Guidon Party) marching past HRH The Prince of Wales 2008.



B (LDY) Sqn, The Royal Yeomanry.
Gulf War 2

"IRAQ 2003"



The LDY Guidon on parade in Loughborough in the early 1990s at the head of C (LDYPAO) Company, 7th (V) Royal Anglian.
(CSM Ted Hubbard, C/Sgt V Soni, C/Sgt Ken Starbuck, C/Sgt ?)


The LDY Guidon on parade in Loughborough in the early 1980s at the head of C (LDYPAO) Company, 7th (V) Royal Anglian.
 

The LDY Guidon (5th in line) in the Royal Yeomanry Regiment Guidon party in 1969.


Presentation of the LDY PAO Guidon by Lt.Col. Sir Edward Bolitho KBE, DSO (Lord Lt. for the County of Cornwall). 11: 30 a.m. 12th June 1958 at Penhale Camp near Newquay, Cornwall. The Colonel,  Anthony Murray-Smith, looks on.

 

World War 2

"1942, '44-45"
"NORTH WEST EUROPE" "NORTH AFRICA"
"ITALY"

Battle Honours 1939-45

Certain units of Yeomanry and Infantry were used in other arms during the war and were awarded an honorary distinction in the form of a badge in place of Honours to denote their War service as another arm. Such badges are carried solely on the Regimental Standard, Guidon or Colours of the unit concerned.

Such Yeomanry Regiments were not converted to artillery, but fought in an artillery role wearing their own badges and expressly and by official action remained Yeomanry.

 

Badges and theatres with dates were eventually allowed.

 

153rd (LY) FR RA claimed: CAEN, BOURGHEBUS RIDGE, FALAISE, THE NEDDERRIJN, THE SCHELDT, THE RHEINLAND, PURSUIT TO THE BALTIC AND NORTH SEA.

 

154th (LY) FR RA claimed: EL ALAMEIN, ADVANCE TO FLORENCE, CARIANO, LAMONE CROSSING, BOLOGNA.

 

1920-39 See Regimental & Squadron Standards

Leicestershire PAO Yeomanry Regimental Banner

Post 1920 (pre WW2), flown on Camp, over  HQ and other Regimental functions.


World War 1
"YPRES, 1914-15" "AMIENS"
"ST. JULIEN" "HINDENBURG LINE"
"FREZENBERG" "CANAL DU NORD"
"ARRAS, 1917" "PURSUIT TO MONS
"SCARPE, 1917" "FRANCE & FLANDERS, 1914-18"

 

PAO Leicestershire Yeomanry Battle Honours 1914-18

(Research by John Sills LDY PAO)

 

BATTLE OF YPRES 1914. 21 Oct - 11 Nov. For operations in Flanders 10/10 - 22/11

 

Locations; The Comines Canal to Ypres, thence the Yser canal to Steenstraat : from there the road to Bixscoote and, thence along the southern edge of Houthulst Forest.
Battle; i. The Battle of Langemarck 21-24 Oct
ii. The Battle of Gheluvelt 29 - 30 Oct
iii. The Battle of Nonne Bosschen 11 Nov

 

In claiming the honour Ypres 1914, the Leicestershire Yeomanry inquired whether having taken part in the Langemarck it was eligible for the honour Ypres 1914, or must it have taken part in all three battles. It appears then that the Leicestershire Yeomanry had taken part in the Battle of Langemarck and was eligible for the honour of Ypres 1914. (They landed in France 2/11/1914).

 

BATTLE YPRES 1915  22 Apr. - 25 May  For Summer Operations 1915 ( Mar - Oct )

 

Locations; The Comines - Ypres Canal as far as Voormezeele; thence road to Vlamertinghe Chateau - Boesinghe - Langemarck.
Battles; i. The Battle of Gravenstafel Ridge 22-23 Apr (including The Gar Attack)
ii. The Battle of St. Julien 24 Apr - 4th May
iii. The Battle of Frezenberg Ridge 8 May - 13 May
iv. The Battle of Bellewarde Ridge 24 May - 25 May

 

The 7th Cavalry Brigade moved into the reserve position behind Ypres on the 23rd of April. Both the honours St. Julien and Frezenberg have also been awarded to the LY.

 

The Battle of St. Julien   24 Apr - 4 May   (see the Battle of Ypres 1915)

The Battle of Frezenberg Ridge   8 May - 13 May   (see the Battle of Ypres 1915)

The Battle of Arras, 1917   9 Apr - 4 May for the Arras Offensive 9 Apr - 15 May

 

Tactical incidents occurring during the first battle of the Scarpe include the capture of Monchy - le - Preux and the capture of Wancourt Ridge. The Leicestershire yeomanry as part of the 7th cavalry Brigade of the 3rd cavalry Division took part in the capture of Monchy - le - Preux.

 

The Battle of Scarpe 1917   9 Apr - 14 Apr   (First battle of Scarpe) See the Battle of Arras, 1917.

The Battle of Amiens   8 - 11 Aug.    For the Advance in Picardy 8 Aug - 3 Sept 18.

 

Locations; Between the roads Amiens - Roye and Amiens - Albert (Amiens exclusive)

 

The Battle of the Hindenburg Line   12 Sept - 9 Oct   for operations The Breaking of the Hindenburg Line   26 Aug - 12 Oct 1918.

 

Locations; (for canal du Nord) Road Banteaux - Gouzeaucourt (exclusive) - Fins (exclusive) - Ytres - Lagnicourt - Vis en Artois; thence the river Sensee.
(for Cambrai) Road Fresnoy - Sequehart - Bellenglise - Bellincourt - Vendhuille - Villers - Guislain - Villers - Plouich - Graincourt - Bourlon - Oisy le Verger: thence the river Sensee.
Battle; i. The Battle of Havrincourt 12 Sept
ii. The battle of Epehy 18 Sept
iii. The Battle of canal du nord, including the capture of Bourlon Wood, 27 Sept - 1 Oct
iv. The battle of the St. Quentin Canal 29 Sept - 2 Oct
v. The Battle of the Beaurevoir Line 3 Oct - 5 Oct
vi. The Battle of Cambrai 8 Oct - 9 Oct

 

The Leicestershire Yeomanry holds the honour of the Hindenburg Line and Canal du Nord for those operations and though it is not certain at present whether they took part in the actual Battle of Cambrai it was from the Cambrai Sector that they started the final advance. (the final Advance was then changed to the pursuit to Mons).

 

The battle of Canal du Nord   27 Sept - 1 oct   see Hindenburg Line.

The  Pursuit to Mons (formerly The Final Advance)   28 sept - 11 nov 1918.   For operations picardy 17 Oct 11 nov.

 Locations;

Location; (Selle) The Railway Boue - Busigny - Caudry; thence the stream to its junction with the river Escaut: thence the latter.
(valenciennes) The bavai - Cambrai road a sfar as Vendegies: thence the streaam to its junction eith the river Escaut: thence a line to Wallers: thence along the southern edge of the forests of  Vicoigne and Raismes.
(Sambre - Passage of; Oise Canal and capture of Le Quesnoy) The railway Boue - le Cateau (exclusive) thence the road to Romeries - famars - Onnaing: thence the railway to Mons.
(Passage of the Grande Honelle) Between the Bavai - cambrai road and the Valenciennes - Mons railway, east of the line Wargnies - Onnaing.
Battle; i. The battle of the Selle 17 Oct - 25 Oct
ii. The battle of Valenciennes including the capture of Mont Houy 1 Nov - 2 Nov
iii. The battle of the Sambre including the Passage of the Sambre - Oise Canal and capture of Le Quesnoy 4 Nov. With the subsequent a) Passage of the Grande Honnelle 5 Nov - 7 Nov and b) The capture of Mons 11 nov.   

 

Battle Honours for the Selle ; Valenciennes and the sambre were all claimed by the Leicestershire yeomanry and were granted within the honour "Pursuit to Mons".

 

France and Flanders 1914 - 1918.    For operations in that area between those dates.

 

The following operations were applied for but disallowed: - The Battle of Bailleul including the defence of Neuve Eglise; the 1st Battle of Kemmel and the second Battle of Kemmel. These battles took place between the dates 13 Apr and 26 Apr 1918 and were part of the German Offensives of 1918. They are grouped within the "Battle of Lys". The area includes the road Meteren - Mont des Cats - Boeschepe - Reninghelst - Vlamertinghe - Ypres (exclusive); thence the Comines Canal. The 3rd Cavalry Division did a forced march to the Mons des Cats - Foret de Nieppe area in reserve against the German attack which overwhelmed the two Portuguese Divisions on the River Lys.

 

House of Commons Question Time : Leicestershire Yeomanry Battle Honours

HC Deb 17 March 1925 vol 181 cc2048-9 2048

asked the Secretary of State for War whether he will sanction the award of battle honours to the Leicestershire Yeomanry for the period from March, 1918. until the Armistice, when the squadrons of that regiment were attached to the three cavalry regiments then comprising the 3rd Cavalry Brigade?

I greatly regret that I cannot depart from the decision, which was arrived at by the Army Council after careful and sympathetic consideration, that the Leicestershire Yeomanry are not eligible for the award of battle honours in respect of the period in question. During this period 2049 the Leicestershire Yeomanry and other Yeomanry regiments wore absorbed as reinforcements in the Cavalry Corps, and did not take part in any engagements as individual units. Their application could not be granted without reopening one of the main principles on which battle honours have been awarded.

Is the right hon. Gentleman aware that the regiment of Life Guards went out as a composite regiment and received battle honours at the beginning of the War?

I am aware of that, but that does not state the whole case, and I am afraid I cannot argue at Question Time.

Is it not a fact that the Leicestershire Yeomanry were brigaded as a unit in the same cavalry brigade for nearly three years?

For all the time the Leicestershire Yeomanry were fighting as a separate unit they have received battle honours. The period in question was that period during which their individual members were absorbed in another cavalry regiment.


2nd Boer War
"SOUTH AFRICA, 1900-02"

 

 

Prince Albert, Prince Consort and Prince of Saxe-Coburg

Honoured the Regiment with the title:-

 

From the London Gazette

17th February 1844 - Present Day

 

Queen Victoria and the Prince Consort, whilst resident at Belvoir Castle, were escorted by the Regiment on their travels within the County. The Royal couple were so impressed by their service the title "Prince Albert's Own" was bestowed on the Regiment, becoming "Prince Albert's Own Yeomanry Cavalry".

 

Designate :- "to indicate and set apart for a specific purpose".

Title :- "is a prefix or suffix added".

 

The title and designation of  "The Prince Albert's Own" has always been retained, even after amalgamation with the Derbyshire Yeomanry in 1957. The NCO arm badge of the modern RY "B" Squadron still retains the title. Prince Albert's "Armorial Crest", the Ducal crest of Saxony,  is worn by the Leicestershire Yeomanry as a cap badge  as direct result of the title "PAO" and may not be worn otherwise. This means that the title can never be dropped when referring to the LY (PAO), LDY (PAO) or any of their descendant establishments as long as "The crest" is worn in uniform or displayed in any other form in a regimental context.

 

B (LDY PAO) Squadron, RY, is the only unit in the British Army that still wears Prince Albert's crest and the title PAO as part of their uniform and insignia.

 

The tradition of being the "Prince Consort's" regiment has been maintained by HRH The Duke of Edinburgh by being Honorary Colonel to the LY (PAO) and his kind Patronage to its descendants.

 

The crest of the Prince Consort:

A conical cap charged with the arms of Saxony (Barry of ten, Sable [Black] and Or [Gold], a Rue Crown in Bend, Vert [Green]). Crowned Or [Gold] and surmounted by a Peacock's tail proper [5 feathers].

 

Arms of the Kingdom of Saxony Ducal Crest of Saxony



The Royal Standard of Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.

 

** The 11th (PAO) Hussars also had the same honour of the "title" and also wore the Prince Consort's crest in this respect. The 11th Hussars are now amalgamated into the Queens Own Hussars and the only visible reference to their heritage is retained on the regimental Guidon. Both the 11th and the LY have been referred to as "Prince Albert's Own Hussars".

 

** The only "other" Yeomanry Regiment to have the same title of  "Prince Albert's Own" (later than the LY) was the Norfolk Yeomanry, however, they disbanded in 1868.  It was King Edward  VII express wish that the Norfolk Yeomanry be raised again as "The Kings Own Royal Regiment (Norfolk Yeomanry)" in 1901, possibly because they were once Prince Albert's Own.